In the wake of the Napoleonic wars, Louis XVIII of France was forced by the major powers of Europe during the Congress of Vienna to adopt a sort of constitution called The Charter of 1814. During the reign of Charles X, Louis’ successor, there existed two rival political groups: the Ultras and the Liberals. The Ultras were in strong disagreement with the charters because they limited the absolute authority of the monarch. An Ultra himself, Charles X ignored the predominance of Moderate and Liberal victories in the French elections of 1827 and appointed mainly Ultras to official positions. In early 1830, the Chamber of Deputies declared a vote of no confidence in the government. The elections that followed were dominated again by Liberal success. Charles X responded by limiting the freedom of the press, abolishing the Chamber of Deputies, and reducing the voting population to 23,000. An outraged populace poured into the streets and deposed Charles X as king in favor of Louis Phillipe, a member of the original Bourbon dynasty. Louis Philipe was in favor of the Liberals, and identified well with the common people. As evidence Louis Philipe’s sympathy for the Liberals, his regime did not support the simultaneous protests of artisans angry with the free market (a very Liberal ideal). The revolution of 1830 in France sprung largely from political division between the Ultras and the Liberals. The Liberals were successful with the ascension of Louis Philipe, but this was not the end of revolution in France.