In the wake of the Renaissance, an artistic style called mannerism developed. The Renaissance was a period of such amazing masterpieces that subsequent artists thought that nothing they could create would be able to surpass them. Instead of trying to “top” the great artists, they would focus on the things that made them unique. Mannerism was characterized by the exposition of the idiosyncrasies of the artist.
A style marked with energy and detail, the Baroque was popular in Europe starting in around 1600. It was focused on expressing exuberance and grandeur, with great detail and ornamentation. Baroque style applies to the arts, including painting, sculpture, architecture, literature, dance, theater, and music.