Enlightened Absolutism

During the 18th century, in the age of the Enlightenment, some European rulers who had embraced the idea of absolute monarchy became interested in Enlightenment philosophy. These rulers believed in the absolute rule of the sovereign, but they also advocated the ideas of the Enlightenment, and in some cases even corresponded with major Enlightenment thinkers. … Continue reading Enlightened Absolutism

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Buffon

George-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon was a French naturalist during the period of the French Enlightenment. He studied at a Jesuit school where he showed a proficiency for mathematics. He is also considered one of the founders of Paleontology. Buffon was skeptical of the classification system of Linnaeus, the famous naturalist. He particularly disagreed with … Continue reading Buffon

Peter the Great

Tsar of Russia from 1689 to 1725, Peter the Great wanted to introduce Western ideas and customs into what he believed to be a backward country. Peter traveled the world, trying to find the best way of doing things, and gathering information on western ideas.  However, much of the Russian population had been very suspicious … Continue reading Peter the Great