Enlightened Absolutism

During the 18th century, in the age of the Enlightenment, some European rulers who had embraced the idea of absolute monarchy became interested in Enlightenment philosophy. These rulers believed in the absolute rule of the sovereign, but they also advocated the ideas of the Enlightenment, and in some cases even corresponded with major Enlightenment thinkers. … Continue reading Enlightened Absolutism


The War of the Austrian Succession

During the mid 18th century, the king of Prussia, Frederick William II, took advantage of an opportunity to grab lands in Austria. The Holy Roman Emperor, Charles IV, was without male children, so he brought about the Pragmatic Sanction which ensured that his domains could be inherited by his daughter, Maria Theresa. Frederick William I, … Continue reading The War of the Austrian Succession


George-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon was a French naturalist during the period of the French Enlightenment. He studied at a Jesuit school where he showed a proficiency for mathematics. He is also considered one of the founders of Paleontology. Buffon was skeptical of the classification system of Linnaeus, the famous naturalist. He particularly disagreed with … Continue reading Buffon