Luther’s Main Points in an Excerpt From ‘On the Freedom of a Christian’

One of Martin Luther’s main points, and one of the points at which Catholicism and Protestantism divide, is the issue of justification by faith. Luther firmly believed that good works cannot save anyone. He believed that humans are so inherently evil that they cannot possibly gain anything from any kind of good work. In On the Freedom of a Christian, Luther described how faith has far more power than good works, and that good works will not lead anywhere in the health of one’s soul. He said that if good works are not needed then there is no need for the law. Citing 1 Timothy 1:9 as a Biblical example, Luther said that the law is only for the unjust man. His position was that if someone has faith, then they have no need for any law. The Catholic Church says that belief is not enough for salvation. Good works must be done to pay for the sins that we commit. The point of justification by faith is indeed a place where the Catholic Church and Protestantism diverge, along with the idea of predestination and many other important issues.

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