Roman culture made significant contributions to western civilization for which we are greatly indebted. Their contributions ranged from literature, to architecture, to language, and others.
Rome produced many great writers and poets, such as Ovid, Livy, Virgil, Horace, and more. The Roman language was a foundation for many modern Romance languages, such as French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian. The English language borrowed more than half of its vocabulary from Latin, which is still used in the traditional Catholic Church, and in the classification of species.
The Roman contributions to architecture were also of great importance. The roads, bridges, and aquaducts were the finest in the world, and some are still in use today. They also made some contributions to the arts. They made frescoes, various portraits, and statues. Although it was very beautiful, most of the Roman art borrowed heavily from the Greek culture.
One of the main reasons why Rome is so important is that it preserved the ancient Greek culture. Much of the style of Roman architecture came from the Greeks, as did much philosophy and many schools of thought. Many Roman artists copied styles of the Greeks, and gave us an idea of what Greek art was like. They also preserved some of the great works of literature, such as the Iliad and the Odyssey, and the works of the great philosophers, such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
We owe a great deal to Roman civilization, without which we would not have many of things we have today. Their contributions to language, architecture, and the arts are very great, but perhaps most importantly, they preserved the culture of one of the most important civilizations in history, the Greeks.