Feudalism and Manorialism

Feudalism and manorialism developed as a direct result of the 9th and 10th century invasions. During the 9th and 10th centuries, the Kings of France, Germany and other countries in that region were unable to cope with invasions from the Vikings of the north, and from the Magyars and Muslims of the east. The Kings … Continue reading Feudalism and Manorialism


The Main Difference Between Jesus and the Pharisees

The leaders of Israel, and especially the Pharisees, were so focused on the ritual ceremonies and rules of their religion that they missed the purpose of these practices. Jesus taught that the outward laws of men were far less important than the commandments of God. This was one of the most important of the many … Continue reading The Main Difference Between Jesus and the Pharisees

Procopius’ View of Justinian

Procopius (c. 500-554 AD), a Byzatine historian, had a very dim view of the character of the Emperor Justinian. In his Secret History, Procopius described Justinian as: "deceitful, devious, false, hypocritical, two-faced, cruel, skilled in dissembling his thought, never moved to tears by either joy or pain, though he could summon them artfully at will … Continue reading Procopius’ View of Justinian

The Spread of Catholicism to England

During the early 400s,  Rome had to withdraw its soldiers from the island of Britain to help defend itself against the invasions by various barbarian groups. This left the native Romano-British vulnerable to attacks from invaders from all around. In order to defend themselves, the Romano-British hired Saxon mercenaries to fight off the attacking forces. … Continue reading The Spread of Catholicism to England

The Shift From the Merovingian Dynasty to the Carolingian Dynasty

From the 5th to the 8th centuries, the kingdom of the Franks was ruled by the Merovingian family. The Merovingian dynasty was founded by Childeric I (r. 457-481), but it was his son, Clovis (r. 481-511) who united all of Gaul under one rule. Clovis was also very significant for having converted to Catholicism. He … Continue reading The Shift From the Merovingian Dynasty to the Carolingian Dynasty

The Importance of Miracles in the Teachings of Jesus

Jesus performed many miracles during the time of His ministry, his such as curing the sick, raising the dead, walking on water, and more. These miracles were essential to His teachings. Without them, Jesus would not have attracted so many followers, and would not have been as successful in His teachings. The miracles of Jesus … Continue reading The Importance of Miracles in the Teachings of Jesus

The Significance of Rome

Roman culture made significant contributions to western civilization for which we are greatly indebted. Their contributions ranged from literature, to architecture, to language, and others. Rome produced many great writers and poets, such as Ovid, Livy, Virgil, Horace, and more. The Roman language was a foundation for many modern Romance languages, such as French, Italian, … Continue reading The Significance of Rome