Ethics and Sanctions in the story of Noah and the Flood

The story of Noah and the flood was one of ethics and sanctions. God saw that what He  had created was wicked. Mankind had become so evil that its heart and mind had been consumed with wickedness. In other words mankind had become  ethically unsound. So God put a negative sanction on them (death). But God found one man ethically suitable, and gave the positive sanction of life to him and his family. God then destroyed everything that was evil in the world with a great flood. After the flood God made a covenant with Noah and all of mankind to never again destroy the world in such a way.

Essay 1: On The Transfer Of Energy

Life is the constant struggle against entropy. As any organism goes through life, it must fight against the universal tendency towards disorder. In order to live, an organism must increase the order within itself, while increasing the disorder of the of the universe.

As energy passes from the sun to the earth, it is absorbed by primary producers, the plants. The primary producers turn this energy (along with water and CO2) into glucose (which the plant uses) and oxygen (which escapes into the atmosphere and adds to entropy). Suppose a deer (primary consumer) comes along, spies our lovely plant and eats it. Only 10% of the energy absorbed by the plant from the sun  goes to the deer. Now Suppose an enormous saber-toothed tiger comes along and devours our poor deer. The saber-toothed tiger is a secondary consumer (Teddy Roosevelt would be a tertiary consumer, and so on).  Only 1% of the energy from the plant goes to the saber-toothed tiger. That’s a 90% loss of energy as it flows through a food chain. This means that in order to survive, each organism must constantly replenish the energy which is lost at each tropic level. Inevitably, some animals will lose this struggle, and starve.